Your Maine Ag


Source: United States Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service.  

Top Agriculture Products
1. Potatoes
2. Dairy products
3. Aquaculture
4. Blueberries
5. Chicken eggs

Number of Farms

Land in Farms
1.35 million acres

Average Farm Size
167 acres

Farms by Size (percent of total farms)
1 to 99 acres: 61.1%
100 to 499 acres: 32.2%
500 to 999 acres: 4.1%
1,000 to 1,999 acres: 1.9%
2,000 or more acres: 0.7%

Farms by sales, current dollars (percent of total farms)
Less than $9,999: 65.4%
$10,000 to $49,999: 20.4%
$50,000 to $99,999: 4.6%
$100,000 to $499,999: 6.6%
More than $500,000: 3.0%

Tenure of farmers
Full owner farms – 6,126, 75% of total
Part owner farms – 1,581, 19.3% of total
Tenant farms – 466, 5.7% of total

Farm Organization
Individuals/family, sole – 6,929 or 84.8% of total
Family-held corporations – 503 or 6.2% of total
Partnerships – 525, 6.4% of total
Non-family corporations – 79, 1% of total
Others – cooperatives, estate or trust, institutional, etc. – 137, 1.7% of total

Characteristics of principal farm operators
Average operator age – 57 years
Farm operators with farming as their principal occupation – 48.5%
Men – 5,792
Women – 2,381
(Source: Retrieved from

Eggs and milk are the leading livestock products in the state, followed by chicken eggs.
Other important livestock products are aquaculture (Atlantic salmon), cattle and calves, and hogs. Sheep and turkeys are also raised in the Pine Tree State.

Maine potatoes are the state’s largest crop. Other crops are corn, hay, oats and other grains to feed cattle. Greenhouse and nursery products, broccoli, dry beans, peas and other vegetables are also grown. Apples are Maine’s most valuable fruit crop, but Maine is also a leading producer of wild blueberries. Other fruit crops are cranberries, raspberries and strawberries.

Manufacturers add value to raw products by creating manufactured items. For example, cotton cloth becomes more valuable than a boll of cotton through manufacturing processes. Leading manufactured products in Maine are paper products, including cardboard boxes, paper bags and pulp, as well as paper.


Maine’s fish and shellfish industry is ranked high among the states. Its yearly lobster catch is the biggest of any state. Other important products are soft-shell clams, mussels, crabs and sea urchins. Commercial fish include cod, flounder, haddock and sea herring.

Fish farms breed Atlantic salmon.